According to many societies and organizations, including WHO, breastfeeding is the healthiest baby nutrition solution. In practice, this means that breast milk provides the baby with all the necessary ingredients for proper development. In all infants, regardless of the way they are fed, constipation, colic and downpouring may occur.
Colic in babies
One of the common problems in infants is colic, which is a symptom of intestinal cramps, which is accompanied by bothersome pain. Colic can be caused by, among others immaturity of the digestive system, swallowing too much air, food allergies or even an inadequate diet of a nursing mother. Importantly, colic is a common problem and can appear already in the first weeks of a baby’s life. It is not difficult to confuse them with other ailments, so you should know their basic symptoms, namely:
• regular crying of a paroxysmal child,
• tummy tension
• flatulence and curled legs .
Since colic is one of the relatively common problems, it’s worth knowing what to do in this situation. The basic action is choosing the right position when feeding your baby – one that prevents them from swallowing excessive amounts of air . If your mother is breastfeeding, look at her diet because it affects the composition of the milk. The recommended solution is to eliminate potential “culprits” from your diet and watch your baby’s reaction.
Problems with defecation in infants
Another problem that babies face is problems with defecation – both constipation and diarrhea. Most often they result from the fact that young children do not yet have a fully developed digestive system. Particularly anxious should be caused by very rare stooling – i.e. less often than once a week . The most common reasons for constipation in babies are: an inadequately balanced mother’s diet (too little fiber), insufficient water supply, or modified milk ingredients. Women who are breastfeeding should remember the basic principles of expanding their child’s diet (according to the child’s nutrition scheme).
A relatively common problem with defecation in infants is also diarrhea, which is manifested by an increased frequency of stool passing. They pose a potential threat to the child’s life, because during diarrhea there is a loss of water and electrolytes, which can lead to dehydration . Diarrhea in infants can be caused by infections, food intolerances, impaired immunity, as well as chronic diseases.
It is worth remembering that the introduction of modified milk to the baby’s diet must be consulted with a pediatrician. Each of the above-mentioned conditions should be consulted with a physician – pediatrics or, if necessary, an allergist or pediatric gastroenterologist.